The Importance of Business Energy Tariff Comparison

The Importance of Business Energy Tariff Comparison

10/27/202318 min read

1. The Importance of Business Energy Tariff Comparison

2. Introducing

3. Understanding Business Energy Tariffs

1. The Importance of Business Energy Tariff Comparison

Business energy tariff comparison is a critical process that can significantly impact a company's financial health and environmental sustainability. As energy costs continue to rise, it becomes increasingly essential for businesses to find cost-effective energy solutions that align with their specific needs and goals. Here are the key reasons why comparing business energy tariffs is of utmost importance:

a) Cost Savings: One of the primary reasons for comparing energy tariffs is to identify the most competitive rates in the market. Energy prices can vary significantly among different suppliers and tariffs, and by carefully comparing options, businesses can secure better deals and save on their energy expenses. This cost-saving potential can make a substantial difference to a company's bottom line, especially for businesses with high energy consumption.

b) Budgeting and Financial Planning: Knowing and understanding the energy costs in advance allows businesses to create accurate budgets and develop robust financial plans. Fixed-rate tariffs, for example, provide price stability over a specific contract period, enabling businesses to predict their energy expenses with greater certainty.

c) Sustainability and Environmental Impact: Many businesses are increasingly concerned about their environmental footprint and are actively seeking ways to reduce their carbon emissions. Comparing business energy tariffs also involves considering renewable energy options, which can help companies achieve their sustainability goals and demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility.

d) Tailored Solutions: Every business has unique energy requirements based on their size, industry, operational hours, and energy consumption patterns. By comparing tariffs, businesses can find energy plans that are specifically tailored to meet their needs, leading to optimized energy usage and increased operational efficiency.

e) Contract Flexibility: Energy tariff comparison enables businesses to explore various contract lengths and terms. Depending on their long-term and short-term goals, businesses can choose contracts that provide the right balance between cost savings and flexibility.

2. Introducing is a leading business energy tariff comparison and quotation website in the UK. As the go-to platform for businesses seeking the best energy deals, is dedicated to simplifying the process of comparing and switching energy tariffs, empowering businesses to make informed decisions about their energy needs.

a) How it Works: operates as an online marketplace, connecting businesses with a wide network of energy suppliers across the UK. The platform's user-friendly interface allows businesses to enter their energy consumption details, business information, and energy preferences. In return, they receive personalized quotes from multiple suppliers, making it easy to compare and choose the most suitable energy tariff for their specific requirements.

b) Unbiased and Independent: is an impartial and independent service, committed to providing transparent and unbiased information. The platform does not favor any specific supplier, ensuring that businesses receive objective comparisons and access to a diverse range of tariffs.

c) Expert Support: boasts a team of energy experts who are available to provide guidance and support throughout the tariff comparison process. Whether businesses have questions about the quotes received or need assistance with the switching process, the platform's experts are ready to help.

d) Time and Money Savings: By streamlining the energy tariff comparison process, saves businesses valuable time and effort that would otherwise be spent researching and negotiating directly with suppliers. The platform also increases the likelihood of finding cost-effective energy solutions, leading to substantial cost savings for businesses.

e) Green Energy Focus: is committed to promoting sustainable practices. As part of its dedication to the environment, the platform offers renewable energy options, allowing businesses to support green initiatives and contribute to a cleaner future.

3. Understanding Business Energy Tariffs

Understanding the various types of business energy tariffs is crucial for making informed decisions about energy contracts. Each type comes with its own advantages and considerations, and businesses need to evaluate which one best aligns with their operational requirements and financial objectives. Here are the main types of business energy tariffs:

a) Fixed-Rate Tariffs: Fixed-rate tariffs lock in the energy price for a predetermined period, usually one to three years. This means that businesses pay a set rate for their energy consumption, regardless of fluctuations in the energy market. Fixed-rate tariffs provide stability and predictability, shielding businesses from unexpected price increases.

b) Variable-Rate Tariffs: Variable-rate tariffs, also known as flexible tariffs, are subject to market fluctuations. The energy price can vary based on changes in the wholesale energy market, and businesses may benefit from lower rates during times of decreased demand but face higher prices during periods of increased demand.

c) Deemed Tariffs: Deemed tariffs are temporary rates applied to businesses that have moved into a new property without entering into a formal energy contract. These rates are typically higher than standard tariffs and may offer less flexibility.

d) Multi-Rate Tariffs: Multi-rate tariffs involve charging different prices for electricity consumed during peak and off-peak hours. Businesses that have more flexibility in their energy usage can take advantage of lower rates during off-peak hours, potentially reducing overall energy costs.

In conclusion, comparing business energy tariffs through empowers businesses to make well-informed decisions, leading to cost savings, sustainability, and optimized energy solutions. With a wide range of tariff options and expert support, businesses can confidently navigate the energy market and secure the best deals for their specific needs.


2. Types of Business Energy Tariffs

a. Fixed-Rate Tariffs

b. Variable-Rate Tariffs

c. Deemed Tariffs

d. Multi-Rate Tariffs

e. Factors Affecting Business Energy Tariffs

2. Types of Business Energy Tariffs in the UK

a. Fixed-Rate Tariffs:

Fixed-rate tariffs are a popular option for businesses seeking stability and predictability in their energy costs. With a fixed-rate tariff, the energy supplier guarantees a set unit price for electricity or gas for a specified contract period, which typically ranges from one to three years. Regardless of fluctuations in the energy market, the business pays the same rate throughout the contract duration.


Price Certainty: Businesses can budget and plan more effectively, knowing exactly how much they will pay for energy during the contract period.

Protection from Market Fluctuations: If energy prices rise in the open market, businesses with fixed-rate tariffs are shielded from these price increases.


Early Termination Fees: Exiting a fixed-rate contract before its expiration may result in early termination fees, so businesses should carefully consider the contract term.

Potential Missed Savings: If energy prices drop during the contract period, businesses with fixed-rate tariffs may miss out on potential savings.

b. Variable-Rate Tariffs:

Variable-rate tariffs, also known as flexible tariffs, are subject to changes in the energy market. The unit price for electricity or gas can fluctuate, typically on a monthly basis, based on market conditions, supply, and demand.


No Long-Term Commitment: Variable-rate tariffs offer flexibility, as there is usually no fixed contract period, allowing businesses to switch suppliers or tariffs with shorter notice periods.

Potential for Savings: During periods of lower energy demand or market oversupply, variable-rate tariffs can provide cost savings compared to fixed-rate tariffs.


Price Volatility: The unpredictability of energy prices means that businesses may face higher bills during periods of high demand or market volatility.

Budgeting Challenges: Variable-rate tariffs make budgeting more challenging, as businesses cannot predict their exact energy costs.

c. Deemed Tariffs:

Deemed tariffs apply to businesses that have moved into a new premises without entering into a formal energy contract with a supplier. In such cases, the supplier automatically provides energy under a deemed contract until the business establishes a new contract or switches to a preferred tariff.


Temporary Solution: Deemed tariffs offer a short-term energy supply solution for businesses during the transition to a formal contract.

No Long-Term Commitment: Businesses are not tied to a long-term contract and can switch to a more suitable tariff once they have settled in the new premises.


Higher Costs: Deemed tariffs are generally more expensive than standard contracted tariffs, making them less cost-effective for long-term energy usage.

Lack of Flexibility: Businesses under deemed tariffs have limited control over their energy costs until they switch to a formal contract.

d. Multi-Rate Tariffs:

Multi-rate tariffs involve charging different unit prices for electricity based on the time of consumption. These tariffs are common for businesses with specific energy usage patterns, such as those operating during both peak and off-peak hours.


Cost Savings: Businesses with flexible energy consumption schedules can benefit from lower rates during off-peak hours, reducing overall energy costs.

Time-Based Optimization: Multi-rate tariffs encourage businesses to shift energy-intensive activities to off-peak hours, leading to more efficient energy usage.


Limited Applicability: Multi-rate tariffs may not suit all businesses, especially those with fixed operating hours that coincide with peak periods.

Complexity: Managing multi-rate tariffs requires careful monitoring and understanding of energy usage patterns to maximize cost savings.

e. Factors Affecting Business Energy Tariffs

Business energy tariffs in the UK are influenced by various factors that impact pricing. Understanding these factors helps businesses make informed decisions when comparing and choosing the most suitable energy plans. The key factors affecting business energy tariffs include:

i. Business Size and Energy Consumption: Larger businesses with higher energy consumption generally have more negotiating power and may be eligible for custom-tailored energy plans or discounted rates.

ii. Location and Regional Pricing: Energy costs can vary based on the geographic location of a business. Certain regions may have higher distribution or transmission costs, which can affect tariff rates.

iii. Contract Length and Termination Fees: The length of the energy contract can influence tariff rates. Longer-term contracts may offer more competitive prices, but businesses should consider the potential early termination fees if they need to exit the contract early.

iv. Renewable Energy Options: Businesses increasingly prioritize environmental sustainability. Energy suppliers offering renewable energy options or green tariffs may appeal to eco-conscious businesses.

v. Time of Use and Peak Hours: Multi-rate tariffs are influenced by the time of energy consumption. Businesses that can shift energy-intensive tasks to off-peak hours may benefit from lower rates.

vi. Market Conditions and Energy Demand: The overall energy market conditions, supply and demand, and global factors affect energy prices and can impact the tariff rates offered by suppliers.

vii. Government Policies and Incentives: Government regulations, subsidies, and incentives related to renewable energy adoption and energy efficiency can influence tariff structures and pricing.

By considering these factors and understanding the different types of business energy tariffs available in the UK, businesses can make well-informed decisions to optimize their energy costs and contribute to their sustainability goals.


3. Business Size and Energy Consumption in the UK

a. Location and Regional Pricing:

In the UK, location plays a crucial role in determining business energy tariffs. The cost of supplying electricity and gas can vary significantly from one region to another due to differences in distribution and transmission costs. For instance, remote areas or regions with limited energy infrastructure may have higher energy prices compared to urban centers with better connectivity. Additionally, regions with a higher demand for energy may experience increased pricing during peak periods. Businesses should consider regional pricing variations when comparing energy tariffs to ensure they secure the most cost-effective options for their specific location.

b. Contract Length and Termination Fees:

The contract length is an essential factor influencing business energy tariffs. Energy suppliers may offer more competitive rates for longer-term contracts, providing businesses with price stability and budget certainty over an extended period. However, committing to a longer contract can have its drawbacks, especially if energy prices decrease during the contract duration. Businesses should carefully evaluate their operational needs and energy market conditions before choosing a contract length.

Moreover, businesses need to be aware of early termination fees associated with energy contracts. If a business decides to switch to a different tariff or supplier before the contract ends, they may incur termination fees. These fees can vary depending on the remaining contract term and should be considered when comparing energy tariffs.

c. Renewable Energy Options:

With increasing emphasis on sustainability and environmental responsibility, many businesses in the UK are seeking renewable energy options. Renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and biomass, have become more accessible and cost-competitive, allowing businesses to reduce their carbon footprint and support green initiatives. Energy suppliers offer various renewable energy tariffs, ranging from partially green to fully green plans. Businesses keen on reducing their environmental impact can choose renewable energy options that align with their sustainability goals.

d. Time of Use and Peak Hours:

Time of use and peak hours play a significant role in multi-rate tariffs, where businesses are charged different rates based on the time of energy consumption. Peak hours refer to periods when energy demand is at its highest, often coinciding with normal business operating hours. Off-peak hours are times of lower energy demand, such as evenings, weekends, and public holidays. Businesses with the flexibility to shift energy-intensive operations to off-peak hours can benefit from lower rates and cost savings.

e. The Benefits of offers a wide range of benefits to businesses in the UK seeking optimal energy solutions:

i. Easy-to-Use Comparison Tool: The platform's user-friendly comparison tool simplifies the process of comparing business energy tariffs. Businesses can quickly enter their details and preferences to receive personalized quotes from multiple suppliers, making it convenient to find the most suitable energy plan.

ii. Personalized Quote Generation: provides businesses with tailored quotes based on their specific energy consumption patterns and requirements. This personalized approach ensures that businesses receive quotes that align with their unique needs.

iii. Access to Multiple Suppliers and Rates: The platform's extensive network of energy suppliers offers businesses a wide range of tariff options. This diverse selection enables businesses to explore different rates and find the most cost-effective energy plans.

iv. Transparent Pricing Information: is committed to providing transparent and unbiased information. Businesses can make informed decisions with clarity on pricing structures and contract terms, avoiding hidden costs.

v. Expert Advice and Support: The platform's team of energy experts is available to assist businesses throughout the tariff comparison process. Whether businesses have questions about quotes, contract terms, or switching, they can rely on expert guidance.

vi. Time and Money Savings: By streamlining the energy tariff comparison process, saves businesses valuable time and effort. The platform also increases the likelihood of finding cost-effective energy solutions, leading to substantial cost savings.

vii. Green Energy Options: acknowledges the importance of sustainability and offers renewable energy options. Businesses can support eco-friendly initiatives by choosing green energy plans that align with their environmental goals.

In conclusion, businesses in the UK must consider their size, energy consumption patterns, location, contract preferences, renewable energy options, and time of use when comparing and selecting the most suitable energy tariffs. provides a comprehensive and user-friendly platform that empowers businesses to make well-informed decisions, leading to cost savings, sustainability, and optimized energy solutions.

4. Easy-to-Use Comparison Tool

a. Personalized Quote Generation

b. Access to Multiple Suppliers and Rates

c. Transparent Pricing Information

d. Expert Advice and Support

e. Navigating the Website

4. Easy-to-Use Comparison Tool in the UK

a. Personalized Quote Generation:

The easy-to-use comparison tool offered by is designed to simplify the process of comparing business energy tariffs and generate personalized quotes for each user. The tool takes into account various factors, such as the size of the business, energy consumption patterns, location, and tariff preferences, to provide accurate and tailored quotes.

When businesses access the website, they are guided through a step-by-step process to enter their specific details. The platform's intuitive interface ensures that users can easily navigate through the required fields, ensuring that no essential information is overlooked. By providing precise and relevant details, businesses receive quotes that match their energy requirements, helping them make informed decisions about their energy plans.

b. Access to Multiple Suppliers and Rates: has established partnerships with a wide network of energy suppliers across the UK. This expansive supplier base gives businesses access to multiple tariff options, ensuring they can explore a diverse range of rates. Businesses no longer need to visit individual supplier websites or contact them separately to obtain quotes. Instead, the platform aggregates tariff information from various suppliers, presenting it in a comprehensive and easily comparable format.

The ability to access multiple suppliers and rates in one place saves businesses valuable time and effort in their search for the best energy deals. The platform's comparison tool empowers businesses to assess different options side by side, allowing them to make cost-effective choices that align with their budget and operational needs.

c. Transparent Pricing Information: prides itself on providing transparent and unbiased pricing information. The platform ensures that all pricing details, including unit rates, standing charges, contract lengths, and any additional fees, are clearly presented to businesses during the quote generation process. This transparency allows businesses to make well-informed decisions, eliminating the risk of hidden costs or unexpected charges.

The platform also offers tools and resources to help businesses understand the complexities of energy tariffs and contracts. This includes explanations of industry jargon, tariff breakdowns, and guides to interpreting energy bills. By promoting transparency, ensures that businesses can confidently navigate the energy market and select the most suitable tariff for their specific needs.

d. Expert Advice and Support: provides expert advice and support throughout the tariff comparison process. Businesses may have questions about the quotes they receive, the contract terms, or the switching process. The platform's team of energy experts is readily available to address these queries and provide personalized guidance.

Having access to expert advice is invaluable for businesses that may not be familiar with the intricacies of the energy market.'s experts can explain the advantages and disadvantages of different tariff options, recommend plans that align with specific business requirements, and help businesses understand how to optimize their energy consumption.

e. Navigating the Website:

Navigating the website is a straightforward and user-friendly experience. The platform's homepage provides a clear overview of its services and benefits, allowing businesses to quickly understand how it can assist them in finding the best energy tariff.

To get started, businesses are prompted to register and create an account, ensuring a personalized and secure experience throughout the comparison process. Once logged in, users are guided through the necessary steps to enter their business details, including energy consumption information and tariff preferences.

The comparison tool's interface is intuitive, ensuring that businesses can easily compare quotes from multiple suppliers. The tool's flexibility allows users to adjust their preferences, explore different contract lengths, and consider green energy options, all within a single platform.

Moreover, the website includes informative resources, frequently asked questions, and success stories, providing businesses with valuable insights and inspiring testimonials from others who have benefited from the platform's services.

In conclusion,'s easy-to-use comparison tool offers personalized quote generation, access to multiple suppliers and rates, transparent pricing information, expert advice, and user-friendly navigation. This comprehensive approach empowers businesses in the UK to make well-informed decisions about their energy tariffs, ensuring cost savings, sustainability, and optimized energy solutions.

5. Homepage Overview

a. Registering and Creating an Account

b. Entering Business Details

c. Energy Consumption Information

d. Choosing Tariff Preferences

e. How to Compare Business Energy Tariffs

5. Homepage Overview in the UK

a. Registering and Creating an Account:

Upon accessing the homepage, businesses are greeted with a user-friendly interface that invites them to register and create an account. Registering on the platform is a simple and quick process, requiring businesses to provide basic contact information such as their name, email address, and phone number. The account creation ensures a personalized experience throughout the comparison journey, allowing businesses to save their progress, revisit their quotes, and access expert support.

b. Entering Business Details:

After registering and logging into their account, businesses are prompted to enter essential business details. This includes information such as the company name, industry, and business address. Providing accurate and up-to-date information is crucial for generating personalized quotes that align with the business's location and energy requirements.

c. Energy Consumption Information:

The next step in the comparison process involves entering energy consumption information. Businesses are asked to provide details about their electricity and gas usage, typically in kilowatt-hours (kWh) for electricity and cubic meters (m³) for gas. This data is essential for the platform's comparison tool to generate accurate quotes from different suppliers based on the business's actual energy usage.

For businesses with historical energy bills, the platform may offer the option to upload and use this data to streamline the process further. Alternatively, businesses can manually input their consumption figures based on their current usage patterns.

d. Choosing Tariff Preferences: recognizes that each business has unique requirements when it comes to energy tariffs. To cater to these needs, the platform allows businesses to set their tariff preferences. Businesses can specify whether they are interested in fixed-rate tariffs, variable-rate tariffs, or green energy options, among other preferences.

By choosing their tariff preferences, businesses can filter and tailor the quotes they receive to match their specific requirements. This personalized approach ensures that businesses are presented with the most relevant and suitable tariff options.

e. How to Compare Business Energy Tariffs:

Once all the necessary business details and energy consumption information have been entered, the platform's comparison tool goes to work. leverages its extensive network of suppliers and access to real-time energy market data to generate personalized quotes based on the business's inputs.

The comparison tool presents the quotes in an easy-to-read format, allowing businesses to compare the rates, contract lengths, and other terms side by side. Businesses can analyze the quotes, taking into account their budget, sustainability goals, and other considerations.

Moreover, the platform provides additional resources and guides to help businesses make sense of the comparison results. These resources may include explanations of different tariff types, tips for evaluating contract terms, and information on renewable energy options.

In conclusion, the homepage provides a clear and user-friendly overview of the comparison process. Registering and creating an account allows businesses to access a personalized experience, and entering essential business details and energy consumption information ensures the generation of accurate and relevant quotes. The option to choose tariff preferences further enhances the customization of the comparison results, enabling businesses to make informed decisions about the most suitable energy tariffs for their specific needs. By offering a comprehensive comparison tool and educational resources, empowers businesses in the UK to navigate the energy market confidently and achieve cost savings, sustainability, and optimized energy solutions.

6. Real Businesses That Saved with

a. Positive Experiences and Reviews: has a track record of helping numerous businesses in the UK achieve significant cost savings on their energy expenses. Many real businesses have experienced positive outcomes by using the platform's comparison tool to find the most suitable energy tariffs. These success stories and positive reviews serve as a testament to the effectiveness and value of the services provided by

Case Studies and Testimonials: The platform may showcase case studies that highlight how specific businesses managed to reduce their energy costs after comparing tariffs and switching to more cost-effective plans. These case studies often include details about the business's industry, size, energy consumption, and the percentage of savings achieved through the platform's assistance. Positive testimonials from satisfied customers further reinforce the platform's credibility and reliability.

Verified Customer Reviews: may feature verified customer reviews on its website or through independent review platforms. These reviews are written by actual businesses that have used the platform's services. Reading about the experiences of other businesses can inspire confidence in potential users, assuring them that the platform delivers on its promises.

b. Expert Blogs and Resources:

In addition to real business success stories, provides expert blogs and resources that offer valuable insights, tips, and industry updates related to energy savings and sustainable practices. These blogs are authored by energy experts and professionals who possess in-depth knowledge of the energy market, government policies, and energy-saving strategies.

Business Energy Market Updates: Regularly updated blogs provide businesses with information about energy market trends, fluctuations in energy prices, and factors influencing energy tariffs. Staying informed about the market can help businesses make timely decisions and capitalize on opportunities for cost savings.

Energy-Saving Tips and Tricks: The platform's expert blogs may offer practical energy-saving tips and strategies that businesses can implement to reduce their energy consumption. These tips can range from simple behavioral changes in the workplace to more advanced energy efficiency measures and technologies.

Industry Trends and Insights:'s expert blogs may cover broader industry trends and insights related to sustainable practices, renewable energy adoption, and regulatory changes. This information empowers businesses to stay ahead in the ever-evolving energy landscape.

Government Incentives and Support: The platform may provide comprehensive resources on various government incentives, grants, and support schemes available to businesses for adopting renewable energy solutions and improving energy efficiency. These resources help businesses take advantage of financial incentives and support to further enhance their energy-saving efforts.


Real businesses that have saved with serve as living examples of the platform's effectiveness in helping businesses achieve cost savings and sustainable energy practices. Positive reviews and testimonials offer reassurance to potential users, encouraging them to explore the platform's services. Additionally, the platform's expert blogs and resources provide valuable insights and knowledge, empowering businesses to make informed decisions, optimize energy consumption, and contribute to a greener and more sustainable future.

7. Business Energy Market Updates in the UK

a. Energy-Saving Tips and Tricks:

Business Energy Market Updates provided by include valuable energy-saving tips and tricks for businesses in the UK. These updates are designed to help businesses reduce their energy consumption and lower their energy bills, contributing to cost savings and environmental sustainability.

Behavioral Changes in the Workplace: The platform may suggest simple behavioral changes that businesses can implement in the workplace to promote energy efficiency. These may include turning off lights and equipment when not in use, optimizing heating and cooling systems, and encouraging employees to adopt energy-conscious habits.

Energy Efficiency Measures: Business Energy Market Updates may offer insights into various energy-efficient technologies and practices that businesses can adopt. This could include upgrading to energy-efficient lighting, investing in energy-efficient appliances, and implementing smart energy management systems.

Renewable Energy Adoption: The updates may also focus on promoting the adoption of renewable energy sources, such as solar panels and wind turbines. Businesses can learn about the benefits of renewable energy and how they can integrate it into their operations to reduce reliance on traditional fossil fuels.

b. Industry Trends and Insights:

Business Energy Market Updates keep businesses informed about the latest trends and insights in the energy industry. Staying up-to-date with industry developments enables businesses to make strategic decisions related to their energy needs and procurement strategies.

Energy Price Fluctuations: The updates may include information on energy price fluctuations in the market. Businesses can gain insights into the factors influencing price changes and anticipate potential shifts in energy costs.

Regulatory Changes: may provide updates on changes in government regulations and policies that impact the energy market. This includes updates on environmental regulations, energy efficiency standards, and renewable energy incentives.

Emerging Technologies: Businesses can learn about emerging technologies and innovations in the energy sector that may offer opportunities for improved energy efficiency and cost savings.

c. Contacting

The platform ensures that businesses have convenient and accessible channels to get in touch with for support and assistance throughout their energy-saving journey.

Customer Support Channels: offers various customer support channels, such as email, phone, and live chat. Businesses can reach out to the platform's dedicated support team for any queries, concerns, or assistance with using the comparison tool or understanding the provided information.

Frequently Used Contact Information: The platform's homepage or contact page provides easily accessible contact information, including email addresses, phone numbers, and operating hours. This ensures that businesses can quickly connect with the platform when needed.

Social Media and Community Platforms: may maintain an active presence on social media platforms and online communities. Businesses can follow the platform's social media accounts to stay informed about the latest updates, energy-saving tips, and engaging content.


Business Energy Market Updates provided by offer businesses in the UK valuable insights, tips, and industry trends related to energy efficiency and sustainability. Energy-saving tips and tricks empower businesses to optimize their energy consumption and reduce costs. Insights into industry trends and regulatory changes allow businesses to make informed decisions in their energy procurement strategies. Moreover, easy access to the platform's customer support channels ensures that businesses can seek assistance and expert advice as they navigate the energy market and find the best energy solutions for their specific needs.